kefalonia greece history
Although it has developed over the last years as a family destination, beach places in Kefalonia island never get crowded due to the large size of the island. In 1900, Kefalonia played an important role in both the first and the second world wars, but unfortunately it was occupied by the Italians and the Germans during the Second World War. Where to stay? The capital of Kefalonia will add a cultural flair to your holidays. The capital moved to Argostoli and is still there today. The mountain that prevails in Kefalonia is Ainos, whose peak reaches 1.628 meters, and is the only national park that can be found on a Greek Island. The Mycenaean culture left a strong remain in Kefalonia, few Cyclopean walls. The French publicly burnt the Golden Book where the names and privileges of the nobles were written. Dreaming of exotic escapes in sparking blue waters meeting fine golden sand, surrounded by lush vegetation? NOTES ON THE HISTORY OF KEFALONIA ISLAND. The majority of the exhibits come from Mount Aenos, which is one of ten protected natural parks of Greece. The city (along with much of the rest of the island) was almost completely destroyed in a 1953 earthquake, so many of the buildings in Argostoli have a more modern look. Kefalonia is famous for its natural wonders like the Drogarati Cave and Melissani Lake. The island is mountainous, so driving can be a challenge, but the mountain and coastal scenery are spectacular, as seen in the photo of Myrtos Beach above. Fiscardo is on the far northern end of Kefalonia and survived most of the devastation caused by the 1953 earthquake. One characteristic lyric of the Odyssey refers to Sami as "Sami, the forested Zakynthos and Doulichio. " The discoveries that have been made on the island include a number of … Mostly famous for the exotic beaches, including Myrtos, Antisamos, Lourdas and Skala, the island was chosen for filming the Hollywood movie Captain Corelli’s Mandolin. The fir tree grows natively on this mountain on Kefalonia. Our services are rated The Romans took the island in 187 BC after months of fighting against the resistance of the island's inhabitants. Other tours go to quaint villages like Sami or to a lighthouse, monastery, or winery. Italy's capitulation in 1943 led to the massacre of 5.000 Italian troops by the invading German forces. Argostoli is the capital city, but it doesn't have as much of the Venetian style architecture as other western Greek towns. The island is spectacular to look at, so even a bus ride around Kefalonia can be enjoyable. History. As a punishment, the German forces killed more than 5000 Italian soldiers, a historic fact described in the famous book Captain Corelli's Mandolin, written by Louis de Bernieres. The large Greek island was home to Odysseus, the legendary king hailed in Homer’s The Odyssey. Its area is 781 square metresand its population is 36,404 according to a 2001 Greek census. The French were later defeated by the allied fleet of the Russians, the Turks, and the English. Philip of Macedonia tried to attack the island in 218 BC. Kefalonia is a place with rich history, as it has been inhabited since the Paleolithic age! The picturesque Assos is one of the villages in Kefalonia that got hit the hardest. Dream beaches and turquoise water attract tens of thousands of tourists each year. Lixouri was the town most affected by the earthquake, which is why the majority of the houses there are newly-constructed. Sami was used as the setting for the 2001 movie "Captain Corelli's Mandolin", which was adapted from the Louis de Bernières book of the same name. These independent cities were named after Cephalus' sons: Sami, Pahli, Krani and Pronnoi. Like its neighbor Corfu, Kefalonia is much greener than the Greek islands found in the Aegean Sea (like Santorini and Mykonos). The postal code of Chavdata is 28200 and its telephone access code is +3026710. And for an in-depth introduction to island culture from the 15th to 20th century, pay a visit to the outstanding Corgialenios Historical and Cultural Museum, one of the finest in Greece, and to the extensive Corgialenios Library. Visitors must walk down a narrow tunnel to reach the shore of the underground lake. During the English period, various important constructions of public interest were effectuated including the Drapanos British Cemetery, the De Bosset Bridge in Argostoli, the Lighthouse of Saint Theodori and the impressive Municipal Theatre of Kefalonia. The Germans then executed about 4500 of the Italian soldiers who had surrendered when they ran out of ammunition. History of Kefalonia. Small row boats with local guides (almost like Venetian gondolas) take guests around Melissani Lake and into a large chamber that is only accessible by water. Peratata Kefalonia: Peratata is a small and picturesque village located 8 km southeast of Argostoli, the capital of Kefalonia. The island also has many charming tiny villages that are perfect for exploring. Sie ist Teil der Präfektur Kefallinia und mit 734,014 km² die größte der Ionischen Inseln. During World War II, the island was occupied by the Italians. Kefalonia (also spelled Cephalonia) is the largest Greek island in the Ionian Sea on the western side of Greece. Kefalonia was then consecutively conquered by the Normans, the Orsinis, the Andeans and the Toccans. In the Classical era, it is mentioned by Thucydides as one of the 4 city-states (Pali, Pronni, Krani, Sami) of Kefalonia. Family Fun in Kefalonia. The first Turkish attack was made by the famous Ahmed Pasha, in 1480. Watching this fisherman sort out his lines was fascinating to us as well as some of the local cats who were more interested in his catch. This historical event was used as background for the famous novel and film of Louis de Bernieres: Captain Corellis Mandolin. Cruise ships offer a walking tour of Argostoli or Fiscardo, transfers to famous beaches like Myrtos Beach, or shore excursions to natural sites like the Drogarati Cave and Melissani Lake. Contemporary Historical Events From 1940 to 1943 Kefalonia was dominated by the Italians. Archaeological excavations have been carried out throughout the whole island and the visitor has the chance to visit the archaeological sites that belong to different eras and periods. Despite the fact that Kefalonia, like the other Ionian Islands, remained under the English rule and escaped the Turkish yoke, its inhabitants financially helped the Greek Revolution for independence against the Ottomans who were ruling over the rest of Greece. Kefalonia has an undeniable personality with dramatic contrasts of indescribable beauty. The island was occupied by the Byzantines, Turks, Venetians, British, and the Ottomans before it became a Greek state in 1864. In ancient times, Kefalonia participated in the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars on the side of both Athens and Sparta. The cave was discovered about 300 years ago and has been open to tourists since 1963. The threat of the pirates continued growing during the Byzantine period (from the 4th century AD). At 781 km², it is the largest of the seven Ionian Islands, and the sixth-largest of all Greek islands. Entering Drogarati Cave can be quite challenging. Lixouri (Greek: Ληξούρι) is the main town on the peninsula of Paliki in the island of Kefalonia, one of the Ionian Islands of western Greece. However, near the end of the war, the Axis alliance fell apart on Kefalonia, and German and Italian forces fought on the island, with the Germans … After the Second World War, the civil war broke out in Greece, causing much more bloodshed and pain. Pasha and his troupes ruled the island for a short period of time and devastated the island when they left. During the Venetian domination, the atmosphere was quite conflictive because the island's society was divided into three classes. This explains why the island was called Tetrapolis (Four Towns) during this period. History [edit | edit source] Geography [edit | edit source] Cephalonia or Kefalonia (Greek: Κεφαλονιά or Κεφαλλονιά), formerly also known as Kefallinia or Kephallenia (Κεφαλληνία), is the largest of the Ionian Islands in western Greece. Not long after, in 1953, an earthquake hits the island of Kefalonia destroying 90% of the … Kefalonia was then consecutively conquered by the Normans, the Orsinis, the Andeans and the Toccans. When Constantine in 325 A.D. reorganized the Roman Empire, Kefalonia suffered precarious stability due to the constant attacks suffered by the Vandals and the Ostrogoths and the wars with the Romans forced the empires … Do you have a question about Greece and the Greek islands? Historical background and elements for which the Greek island deserves to be a destination for your holidays. Kotsanas Museum Kefalonia, Argostólion, Greece. All these successive revolutions and the appearance of the first socialist formations in our history, leading to the 21st of May 1864 when Kefalonia and Ithaca were re-united with Greece. Kefalonia Greece photography print, Greece wall art, coastal decor, Mediterranean art print, Myrtos Beach print, Greek Island landscape PappasBland. Kefalonia, Greece. Where to eat? Culture and History page of Kefalonia island. Those times, many locals left the island in search of a better life in the sea, including the famous seafarer Juan de Fuca. The first Turkish attack was made by the famous Ahmed Pasha, in 1480. The noble class, the wealthiest and more powerful, had all the privileges and used them against the other social classes. During the World War II, Kefalonia was overrun by the Italians and the Germans. – Georgios Seferis As part of Greece, Kefalonia is a place full of history. From the Tetrapolis ('four cities') of Kefalonia, today are open to visitors the archaeological sites in Sami and ancient Krani. Cefalonia und früher teilweise Cefalogna) ist eine griechische Insel am Ausgang des Golfs von Patras. The staircase leading down into the cave is often damp and slippery, and it's over 300 feet down to the cave's large underground cavern. The airport opened in 1971 to serve the former municipality Leivathos with improved transportation links; Kefalonia is now a single municipality. Find out everything about your holidays in Kefalonia on our travel guide! The sunlight is spectacular on the water. Its long history has seen it entwined in Greek mythology, used as a centre for Mycenaean trade, occupied by the Venetians, and reunited with Greece after a period of British rule. A new runway and the current terminal building were constructed in the 1980s. During Kefalonia's early history, the Romans ruled from 187 BC, using the site as a naval base in order to take Greece proper. Kefalonia is the beginning of yourjourney, a … He was rewarded with the island of Same, which thereafter came to be known as Cephallenia. Cruise ships visiting Kefalonia for the day stopover at either Argostoli or Fiscardo (also spelled Fiskardo). At the top of the hill stands the 16th century castle of Saint George dominating the village. In 1809, the “United States of the Ionian Islands” were established with the “Treaty of Paris” and all Ionian islands passed under English rule. A devastating earthquake flattened most of Kefalonia’s villages in 1953 including all the elegant buildings that used to grace Argostoli. Small towns like Sami give visitors the opportunity to explore on their own and interact with the local people. History. Sami is the biggest and most historic port of Kefalonia. Those four cities were autonomous and independent and had their own regimes and coins. Like much of Greece, Kefalonia has had a turbulent history. In August 1953, a huge earthquake destroyed the largest part of Kefalonia and demolished most villages of the island. In Kefalonia, between the 189 and 30 b.c. PLACES OF HISTORICAL, CULTURAL OR RELIGIOUS INTEREST: In several places on the island there are castles, ruins, ancient villas, towers and fortresses that prove the past and the history of Kefalonia. Cruising the Mediterranean with Mickey and the Gang, Top 15 Destinations in the French Riviera, Visit Greece and Turkey Cruise Ship Ports of Call on Celestyal Cruises. This idyllic island is not only famous because of Odysseus, King of Ithaca – probably today’s Kefalonia- and the Homeric epic book “The Odyssey”, the greatest adventure story of all times. The exotic Kefalonia island is the largest and one of the most beautiful Greek islands of … The Beautiful Beaches of Lassi and Makris Gialos in Kefalonia Island, Greece. Discover the best things to do in Kefalonia, fantastic beaches, top hotels, and restaurants, as well as a wide selection of breathtaking photos!. . Perhaps the most important of all. Chavdata is a Village in Kefallonia in Kefalonia in the Ionian Islands Region of Greece.. Chavdata is also an Archaeological site.. Thanks to the help of the Athenians, they managed to defeat him. (It's also 300 feet back up the same stairs.). The first inhabitants of the Ionian islands appeared during the Paleolithic times and left traces mostly on the islands of Kefalonia island and Corfu island. The 1953 earthquake growing during the World for a short period of time devastated... In Kefallonia in Kefalonia, kefalonia greece history Cyclopean walls Region of Greece, about the same time as the rest independent... 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